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Namibian History

With regards to the numerous rock engravings and paintings in Twyfelfontein and other parts of Namibia, the San people are believed to be the first inhabitants of the country. They were later (14 A.D.) followed by the Bantu from northern Africa.

Diego Cão visited Cape Cross in 1486 and Bartolomeu Dias visited the ports of Walvis Bay and Lüderitz in 1487.

Cross country exploration into the heart of this country was not attempted until the early 1800’s by missionaries from Europe.
It is worth mentioning that Charles John Anderson, Sir Francis Galton and Axel Eriksson were some of the first European explorers.

The United Kingdom seized Walvis Bay in 1878 on behalf of the Cape Colony and it was integrated into the Cape of Good Hope in 1884.

Heinrich Vogelsang, agent of Adolf Lüderitz, bought Angra Pequena (Lüderitz) from Joseph Fredericks in 1883.

The Caprivi Strip was surrendered in 1893 by Britain to be included in German South West Africa.

Harsh skirmishes between the Herero and the German troops from 1904-1908 left the Herero tribe diminished to a ¼ of their population. The Nama joined in the fight against the Germans and also suffered heavy losses in battle.

During World War I, 1915, the Germans were defeated in this country. The League of Nations gave the Union of South Africa a mandate of administration over Southwest Africa.

After World War II the League of Nations became United Nations and they ordered South Africa to relinquish its mandate.

From 1950 liberation movements were started and made various appeals to the UN for Namibia’s independence. From 1966 various clashes between the SADF and SWAPO’s military wing known as the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) followed.

In November 1989 Southwest Africa had its first free and fair elections and on the 21st of March 1990 it gained its independence from South Africa.

The first Namibian President elect was Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma (1990-2005). The second Namibian President elect is Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (2005- )

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